Albert B. Fall, senator from New Mexico (1912-21) and secretary of the Interior (1921-23), came to the West from his native
Kentucky, entered the field of law, purchased a large cattle ranch, and entered New Mexico politics. He was one of the state's
first senators and chairman of the Senate Subcommittee Investigating Mexican Affairs. As secretary of the Interior he concentrated
his efforts on the development of the nation's resources, such as the controversy over Alaskan resources, the transfer from
the Forestry Bureau to the Interior Department, the building of Boulder Dam, and the leasing of the Elk Hills (CA) and Teapot
Dome (WY) Naval Oil Reserves. These oil leases ended his career and Fall, deemed guilty of having accepted a bribe, was sentenced
to prison and died in 1944.