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Photograph Collection of the Revenue Cutters "Bear" and "Corwin" in Alaska, 1880s
photCL 131  
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Collection Overview
 
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Description
The 282 prints in this collection depict Captain Michael A. Healy, the U.S. Revenue Cutters “Bear,” “Corwin,” and “Richard Rush”; the crewmen of the afore-mentioned revenue cutters; Alaskan natives and their homes; and various views of the Alaskan wilderness and towns. These photographs were taken between 1880 and the 1890s. The collection provides insight into the people and events the “Bear” and “Corwin” encountered on their voyages.
Background
Michael A. Healy was born September 22, 1839 to an Irish cotton planter, Michael Morris Healy, and a mulatto woman, Eliza Clark. Even though his father sent him and his brothers north to be educated (and hence escape slavery), Healy always ran away from the schools he was enrolled in, and eventually joined the clipper ship "Jumna" in 1855. For the next ten years, he sailed on merchant vessels until he was commissioned as a Third Lieutenant in the U.S. Revenue Service in 1865; that same year, Healy married Mary Jane Roach, the daughter of Irish immigrants to Boston. Healy served aboard a number of ships, but his Arctic command with the "Thomas Corwin" began in 1882; he rose to the position of captain in March of 1883. While in command of the "Corwin", Healy patrolled the Arctic to prevent illegal sale of guns and alcohol to the Alaskan natives and to control illegal fur seal hunting. The captain was also concerned for the well-being of the Alaskan natives, and ferried Siberian caribou over to help reestablish the natives’ food supply since many seals and walruses were killed by white traders. After the Revenue Cutter Service acquired the "Bear" in 1884, Healy became its commander and continued his mission of relegating illegal activities and assisting the Alaska natives with their food troubles. Also, the "Bear" became known for rescuing stranded sailors from whaling ships that had become stuck in the ice near northern Alaska. However, in the 1890s, Healy was charged for being drunk while on duty and for abusive treatment of his crew; he was found guilty by a court-martial and placed at the bottom of the captains’ list. He was given temporary command of two cutters before working his way back to the top of the list and receiving command of the cutter "Thetis". Healy retired from the revenue cutter service in 1903 and died of a heart attack on August 30, 1904 in San Francisco.
Extent
282 photographs in 9 boxes; photographs 19.5 x 24 cm. (8 x 9 in.). See itemized list under "Additional collection guides."
Restrictions
All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Photographs. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Huntington as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
Availability
Access is granted to qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact the Curator of Photographs at the Huntington Library.