The Collection consists of materials relating to the
Austrian-American composer, Ernst Toch. Included are music manuscripts and
scores, books of his personal library, manuscripts, biographical material,
correspondence, articles, essays, speeches, lectures, programs, clippings,
photographs, sound recordings, financial records, and memorabilia. Also included
are manuscripts and published works of other composers, as well as Lilly Toch's
letters and lectures.
Ernst Toch was born on Dec. 7, 1887 in Vienna; taught himself piano in his
grandmother's pawnshop; learned musical notation from a local violinist, and
copied Mozart's string quartets for practice; began to compose chamber music,
and at age 17 had a quartet performed; in 1909 he won the prestigious Mozart
Prize and a scholarship to study at the Frankfurt Conservatory, where he studied
piano with Willy Rehberg and composition with Iwan Knorr; won the Mendelssohn
Prize in 1910 and the Austrian State Prize four times in succession; in 1913 he
was appointed teacher of composition at the Mannheim Musikhochschule; married
Lilly Zwack in 1916; earned Dr. phil. degree in 1921; taught piano and
composition in Berlin from 1929-33, leaving at the onset of the Nazi regime for
Paris, London, and finally the US, where he taught at the New School for Social
Research in New York (1934-36); taught at the Univ. of Southern CA (1937-48),
afterward giving private instruction; lived in Vienna and Switzerland from
1950-58, then spent the remainder of his life in LA; won the Pulitzer and
Huntington-Hartford Prizes for his Third Symphony (1956), was elected to the
American National Institute of Arts and Letters (1956), received honorary
citations from the German and Austrian governments, and won a Grammy Award
(1960); publications include Melodielehre (1923) and The shaping forces in music
(1948); his compositions encompass all genres and include Fuge aus der
Geographie (1930), Seven symphonies, 13 string quartets, several chamber operas,
and music for films; he died on Oct. 1, 1964 in LA.
88 boxes (44 linear ft.)
Property rights in the physical objects belong to the UCLA Library Special Collections.
Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their
heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the
copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to
publish if the UCLA Library Special Collections does not hold the copyright.
Collection is open for research.