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Finding Aid to the Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers, 1838-1956, bulk 1890-1940
BANC MSS C-H 98  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers
    Date (inclusive): 1838-1956,
    Date (bulk): bulk 1890-1940
    Collection Number: BANC MSS C-H 98
    Creators : Peixotto, Ernest C., 1869-1940 Peixotto, Mary Hutchinson, 1869-1956
    Extent: Number of containers: 7 cartons, 5 oversize folders, 2 boxes, 1 volume, 1 oversize box, and 1 tube Linear feet: 12
    Repository: The Bancroft Library
    University of California, Berkeley
    Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
    Phone: (510) 642-6481
    Fax: (510) 642-7589
    Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
    URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
    Abstract: Papers of artist and writer Ernest Peixotto and his wife Mary Hutchinson Peixotto. Includes correspondence; subject files; diaries, sketchbooks, and notebooks; personalia; ephemera; and some scrapbooks.
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English and French
    Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

    Information for Researchers

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html. 
    Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.Materials in this collection may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley 94720-6000. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html .

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers, BANC MSS C-H 98, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Alternate Forms Available

    The following items from the collection have been microfilmed: Ernest Peixotto's subject files on war artists and some World War I correspondence (BANC FILM 2743; Carton 1, folder 16 and 46-53); Mary Peixotto's letters to Ernest Peixotto, 1918-1919 (BANC FILM 2736; Carton 6, folder 24-36).

    Separated Material

    Photographs and other pictorical materials transferred to the Pictorial Collections of the Bancroft Library (BANC PIC 1980.029-B; BANC PIC 1988.048; BANC PIC 1990.026-C; BANC PIC 1990.074-PIC)

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Peixotto, Ernest C., 1869-1940--Archives
    Peixotto, Mary Hutchinson, 1869-1956--Archives
    United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces. Art Training Center (Bellevue, France)
    National Society of Mural Painters, New York
    Ecole des beaux-arts de Fontainebleau
    Beaux-Arts Institute of Design
    MacDowell Club
    Student Art League of New York
    Art Commission of the City of New York
    New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
    World War, 1914-1918--Art and the war
    Mural painting and decoration, American--New York (State) ?z New York
    Painting--United States
    Painting--France--Paris
    Art--Study and teaching
    Painters--United States
    Scrapbooks
    Sketches
    Guestbooks
    Ephemera
    Blueprints
    Peixotto, Ernest C., 1869-1940
    Peixotto, Mary Hutchinson, 1869-1956
    MacDowell, Marian, 1857-1956, correspondent
    Armfield, Maxwell, 1881-1972, correspondent
    Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968, correspondent
    Dana, Richard Henry, 1851-1931, correspondent
    Guerin, Jules Vallee, 1866-1946, correspondent
    LaFarge, Christopher, 1897-1956, correspondent
    Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963, correspondent
    Labatut, Jean-Pierre, correspondent
    Leon, Paul, correspondent
    Neuhaus, Eugen, 1879-1963, correspondent
    Fredenthal, David, 1914-1958, correspondent
    Norris, Frank, 1870-1902, correspondent
    Parrish, Maxfield, 1870-1966, correspondent
    Peixotto, M. Percy, correspondent
    Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985, correspondent
    De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997, correspondent
    Burgess, Gelett, 1866-1951, correspondent
    Sterling, George, 1869-1926, correspondent

    Administrative Information

    Acquisition Information

    The Ernest and Mary Peixotto papers were given to The Bancroft Library by Eustace M. Peixotto, Ernest D. Peixotto, and Mrs. Hervey P. Clark between 1958 and 1990.

    Accruals

    No additions are expected.

    System of Arrangement

    Arranged to the folder level.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Lara Michels.

    Biographical Information

    Ernest Peixotto is best known as a muralist and illustrator, though he also achieved notable success as a writer. Born to Sephardic Jewish parents in San Francisco in 1869, Peixotto studied at the California School of Design and, from 1888 until 1894, at the Atelier Julian in France. Upon returning the the United States in 1894, Peixotto settled again in San Francisco where he founded The Lark, an art magazine in print from 1895 through 1897. Peixotto married painter Mary Glascock Hutchinson in New Orleans in 1897. Hutchinson, born in San Francisco in 1869, had also been a student at the California School of Design. The couple moved to New York after their marriage and Ernest joined the staff of Scribner's Magazine, where he worked as an illustrator. Together, they relocated to France in 1899, taking up residence just outside of Paris in a villa in Fontainebleau that would serve as the couple's primary home until Ernest's death in 1940.
    During World War I, General John Pershing appointed Ernest Peixotto an official war artist attached to the American Expeditionary Force. Peixotto is remembered for having created a striking visual record of the destruction and dislocation of modern warfare. At the war's end, Peixotto became, for a brief period, director of the American Expeditionary Force Art Training Center at Bellevue, France, which merged into the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1923. After leaving his post as director, Peixotto continued to serve the school as chair of its American Committee. From 1919 through 1926, Peixotto was also director of the mural department of the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design in New York. In 1921, he was made a Chevalier in the Legion of Honor, for his work during the war and for promoting good relations between France and the United States.
    Between 1926 and 1940, Peixotto focused on his own work while still serving a number of art organizations and committees. He was the president of the National Society of Mural Painters from 1929 to 1935, president of School Art League of New York from 1936 to 1940, and a member of the Municipal Art Commission of the City of New York from 1935 to 1940. He also served as director of murals for the New York World's Fair in 1939.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Correspondence; subject files; diaries, sketchbooks, and notebooks; personalia; ephemera; and some scrapbooks. Correspondence consists of letters between Ernest and Mary Peixotto during and after World War I as well as general incoming correspondence. Ernest Peixotto's correspondents include friends, other artists and writers (such as Frank Norris, Maxfield Parrish, George Sterling, and Gelett Burgess), publishers, patrons, and art organizations and committees. Mary Peixotto's general correspondence documents, among other things, her activities with French war relief organizations during World War I. Among Ernest Peixotto's subject files are materials on the following: American Camouflage; War Artists; the American Expeditionary Force Art Training Center at Bellevue, France; Appui aux Artistes; the Beaux Arts Institute of Design; the Fontainebleau schools; the Municipal Art Commission of the City of New York; the National Society of Mural Painters; the Student Art League of New York; and the World's Fair. Scrapbooks include clippings documenting Ernest Peixotto's career. Notable among Mary Peixotto's other papers are some early letters and documents from the Hutchinson and Glascock families as well as files on her family's genealogy.