On January 30, 2005, Iraq held national elections to create a 275-member Transitional National Assembly (a temporary representative
legislature). 111 political entities submitted candidate lists for the national elections, and a total of 256 political entities
composed of 18,900 candidates registered to compete in the national election, 18 provincial elections, and the Kurdistan Regional
government election. The 256 entities included 27 individuals, 33 coalitions of parties, and 196 independent parties. The
Transitional National Assembly was charged, among other responsibilities, with drafting a new constitution for Iraq.