Guide to the Bancroft Reference Notes for British Columbia and Alaska, ca. 1870s-1890s
Processed by Carola DeRooy
The Bancroft Library.
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
Guide to the Bancroft reference notes for British Columbia and Alaska, ca. 1870s-1890s
Collection number: BANC MSS B-C 11
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
- Processed by:
- Carola DeRooy
- Date Completed:
- July 7, 2000
- Encoded by:
- Xiuzhi Zhou
© 2002 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
Collection Title: Bancroft Reference Notes for British Columbia and Alaska,
Date (inclusive): ca. 1870s-1890s
Collection Number: BANC MSS B-C 11
Number of containers: 2 cartons
Linear feet: 2.5
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Abstract: Consists of bibliographic and research notes pertaining to and used in the preparation of the
History of British Columbia
(volume 32) and the
History of Alaska
(volume 33), part of Hubert Howe Bancroft's 39-volume
History of the Pacific States of North America
published between 1882-1890.
Information for Researchers
Collection is open for research.
Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts
must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft
Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which
must also be obtained by the reader.
[Identification of item], Bancroft reference notes for British Columbia and Alaska, BANC MSS B-C 11, The Bancroft Library,
University of California, Berkeley.
Title: Hubert Howe Bancroft: Records of the library and publishing companies,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 7
Title: Hofmann & Curtis Architects, Specifications ... in the erection of a ... library building for H. H. Bancroft, 1881,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 73/122 c: [no.] 64
Title: Catalogue of the Bancroft Library of Pacific Coast Books, Maps, and Manuscripts,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 4
Title: William Henry Knight, Bancroft Library MS Scrapbooks, 1860-64,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-E 200
San Francisco Bulletin index, 1855-1872,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 2
Hubert Howe Bancroft,
In these Latter Days,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-A 1
John S. Hittell,
A History of the City of San Francisco, 1878,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 90/19 c
The History Company periodical index,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 3
Title: Hubert Howe Bancroft, Letters and papers from Mexico, 1886-91,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS M-M 384
Title: Porfirio Diaz Collection of Papers, 1881-93,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS M-M 392
Hubert Howe Bancroft,
Title: Authorities quoted in the History of California,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 1
Title: Report of labors in archives and procuring material for the History of California, 1876-79,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-E 191
Hubert Howe Bancroft,
Title: Preliminary notes and plans for the Pioneer Register,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-E 170
Hubert Howe Bancroft,
Title: Correspondence relating to the
History of Oregon, 1863-1889,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS P-A 169
Hubert Howe Bancroft,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-B 362
Title: Bancroft Reference Notes for the Western States, excluding California,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 8
Title: Bancroft Reference Notes for Central America,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 9
Title: Bancroft reference notes for Mexico,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 10
Title: Bancroft Reference Notes for California,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 12
Title: Bancroft Reference Notes--Bibliography,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 13
Title: Bancroft Reference Notes on the conquest of Mexico,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-M 1
Title: Bancroft Reference Notes,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 97/31 c
Title: Bancroft Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings, 1860-1890,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS B-C 14
Title: Henry Cerruti, Sketches of the California Pioneers,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-E 65
Title: Ivan Petroff, Journal of Trip to Alaska in Search of Information for the Bancroft Library, 1878,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS P-K 62
Title: Harry Bishop Hambly, Information for the Bancroft Library, 1936,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-D 5081
Title: Henry Lebbeus Oak, Correspondence and papers,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-B 387
Title: Henry Lebbeus Oak, Letters from H.H. Bancroft and diary, 1874-87,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 67/153
Title: Frances Fuller Victor, Correspondence and notes relating to the History of Oregon<, 1865-[ca. 1886],
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS P-A 170
Title: A.L. Bancroft & Co., Account of stock, Jan. 1, 1879,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-E 195
Title: A.L. Bancroft & Co., Resolutions for the year 1890,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-E 196
Albert Little Bancroft,
My Brother Hubert Howe Bancroft, 1907,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 73/122 c:109
Title: Hubert Howe Bancroft family papers,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 73/64 c
Title: Bancroft family, Family genealogical data, 1886-1907,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 89/91 c
Title: Hubert Howe Bancroft letters to his family, 1882-1918,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 77/169 c
The Bancroft Reference Notes for British Columbia and Alaska were part of the Bancroft Collection, purchased by the University
of California in 1905.
Hubert Howe Bancroft was born in Granville, Ohio on May 5, 1832. After working for some time in the Buffalo, N. Y. book store
owned by his brother-in-law, George H. Derby, Bancroft came to California in 1852 to establish a West Coast outlet for the
shop. In 1855, after selling the initial stock, he went east and returned with sufficient books and stationery to open a San
Francisco store the following year. Within two years, his firm on Montgomery Street began to grow into a publishing house,
issuing such items as law books and legal stationery, texts and maps for schools, and music and piano sales.
In 1860, as an outgrowth of assembling research materials for publication of a Pacific Coast handbook, Bancroft began to collect
regional writings: this was the beginning of his unparalleled collection of books and manuscripts on the West. Within a decade
he had 16,000 volumes, encompassing not only California and the Pacific Coast as the central focus, but also British Columbia
and Alaska to the north, the Rocky Mountains to the east, and Mexico and Central American to the south, extending back in
time from the native Indian cultures of all these regions and the subsequent era of Spanish control. The collection continued
to grow as a result of collecting trips to the east and Europe, as well as through extensive purchases at a number of major
auctions. Eventually it included not only books and manuscripts, but pamphlets, maps, newspapers and other periodicals, and
transcriptions of manuscripts made by his corps of copyists from originals still in private hands or in government and church
archives. Bancroft and his staff also created original materials by interviewing pioneers whose recollections might not otherwise
have been preserved, resulting in hundreds of early oral histories termed "dictations."
By 1868, a move became necessary to relieve overcrowding in Bancroft's expanding and prosperous Montgomery Street headquarters.
He bought property on Market Street near Third, and began to build in 1869. In April 1870, the completed five-story building
boasted a modernized steam engine in the basement to provide power for the printing presses. The first four floors accommodated
nine departments, including wholesale and retail books, and stationary, music, law, and education sales; a subscription department;
and a printing, bindery, and blank book production division. The fifth floor of the new Bancroft Building was a literary workshop,
completely divorced from the business, where Bancroft's collections could be put to use. He engaged Librarian, Henry Lebbeus
Oak, to catalog the works he had acquired.
Bancroft continued to collect materials as he planned a vast publication project of a series of histories of western North
American, which in the end numbered 39 volumes: the
History of the Pacific States of North America, also known as Bancroft's
Works. First were five volumes on The Native Races (1874-1875), then three volumes on the History of Central America and six more
on the History of Mexico, followed by two volumes on the Northern Mexican States and Texas, and one treating Arizona and New
Mexico. All of these preceded his central topic, a seven-volume History of California (1886-1890), which were followed by
nine more volumes on other parts of the west, and a number of more informal works, including
Literary Industries, the author's biography.
Bancroft's ten year marriage to his beloved wife, Emily Ketchum Bancroft, ended upon her death in 1869. Left alone to raise
their daughter, Kate, born in 1860, Bancroft devoted his energies to family and literary productions. He placed the full responsibility
of managing the business interests of the firm with his younger brother, A. L. (Albert Little) Bancroft, creating a new partnership
in 1860 under the title, A. L. Bancroft and Company. The business expanded and prospered under A. L. Bancroft's direction
until a fire destroyed the Bancroft Building and its contents in 1886. Old resentments and quarrels erupted following the
traumatic event which eventually severed the brothers personal and professional relationships.
Fortunately, the library (referred to as both the Bancroft Library and the Pacific Library) was spared. In 1881, it had been
moved from the fifth floor of the Market Street location to a specially constructed fire-proofed brick building on Valencia
Street. Following the fire and dissolution of his partnership with A. L. Bancroft in 1886, Hubert Howe Bancroft formed two
new companies: The History Company, and the Bancroft Company. In August 1887, under these new imprints, the production, publication,
and marketing of Bancroft's
Works resumed in the rebuilt quarters at 723 Market Street, known thereafter as the History Building.
Throughout the West, Bancroft's numerous sales agents continued to sell subscriptions to his
Works and the seven-volume
Chronicles of the Builders. Following a successful marketing campaign which secured orders for more than 6,000 sets of volumes during the 1870's and
80's, the canvassing effort was abandoned in 1892. In the late 1880's, Bancroft's methods for writing and marketing his works
came under attack by literary critics and several of his former employees, including Mr. Henry Oak and Mrs. Francis Fuller
Victor. Oak and Victor claimed authorship for major portions of the
Works that were credited solely to Bancroft, calling the historian's methods and reputation into question. The retail book and
stationary store finally closed its doors in 1894, after a long and bitter price war had made the business unprofitable.
In 1905, Bancroft's accomplishments as an historian and collector were recognized by the University of California. The institution
purchased the book and manuscript collections of the eminent historian, numbering over sixty-thousand items, for $250,000.
Although the collector contributed $100,000 of the purchase price, the contents of the library had been appraised at twice
the net cost to the University.
The History of the Pacific States won recognition as an indispensable work for students of western history. The collection as a whole remains a distinguished
primary source of unique books, maps, pamphlets, and documents on the early history of the West, from Alaska to Central America.
In his later years, Bancroft wrote several volumes (
Retrospection, The New Pacific, In These Latter Days) expressing his political, moral, economic, and social concerns for a modernizing world. On March 3, 1918, at the age of
86, Hubert Howe Bancroft died at his home, having been struck by a street car several days earlier. He was survived by his
daughter, Kate, and his four children (Paul, Philip, Griffing, and Lucy Bancroft) by his second wife, Matilida Griffing Bancroft.
They were married in 1876 and she predeceased him in 1910.
A Venture in History: The Production, Publication, and Sale of the Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft.
University of California Press, 1973.
John Walton Caughey,
Hubert Howe Bancroft, Historian of the West.
University of California Press, 1946.
Library, University of California,
The Bancroft Collection.
http://library.berkeley.edu/BANC/banccoll/, June 4, 1998.
Scope and Content
The Bancroft reference notes for British Columbia and Alaska consists of bibliographic and research notes pertaining to and
used in the preparation of the
History of British Columbia (volume 32) and the
History of Alaska (volume 33), part of Hubert Howe Bancroft's 39-volume
History of the Pacific States of North America published between 1882-1890. The bibliographic notes for the
History of British Columbia are citations of works by title, author, and subject, many of which include abstracts or quotations. The notes, each on individual
slips or sheets of paper, cover the period between 1588-1887, tracing early voyages and expeditions to the area, establisment
of forts and trading posts, the Hudson's Bay Company, the San Juan Island question, and the settlement of Vancouver Island.
Other topics of research include the native inhabitants and relations with villages and tribes, natural resources, industries,
communication, immigration, transportation, and political and economic development of the area. One folder of research notes,
more in depth summaries, pertain mainly to Russian settlements and forts.
The bibliographic and research notes for the
History of Alaska contain similar research topics covering the period from 1648-1885. They remain in their original order in a chronological
arrangement. Subjects of note include early voyages, Russian fur trade, the United States acquisition of the Alaska Territory,
whaling, and Nookta relations with settlers.
The notes as a whole originate from primary sources such as diaries, company logs, oral histories, and documents in the Sitka
archives. The citations were also abstracted from more abundant print materials such as books, newspapers, pamphlets, maps,
and previously published histories.
The material also provides information about H.H. Bancroft's methods of compiling notes and references in preparation for
writing chapter drafts for the
Works volumes. The distinctive handwriting of many of Bancroft's assistants is revealed. The majority of bibliographic citations
and notes were taken from manuscripts and books which were part of Bancroft's Pacific Library collection during the years
1870-1890. The notes and strips were often pasted or pinned to larger sheets to construct draft outlines and text footnotes
as well as being compiled into authority lists.
Consistently noting a subject heading in the left margin, the notes range from one-inch wide strips of papers citing bibliographic
references to longer texts copied or summarized from sources. The notes usually include title, author, volume, and page citations;
many notes are simple 1- to 4 line summaries of a specific topic with a date noted in the left hand margin. Research notes
of one to ten pages are transcriptions or summaries of historical events or persons compiled from primary and secondary sources.
Carton 1; Carton 2, folders 1-5
Series 1: Bibliographic and Research Notes,
History of British Columbia, 1500-1887.
Scope and Content Note
Arranged alphabetically by subject, and then chronologically.
Major topics of the bibliographic notes include: early voyages and expeditions; biographies of explorers and settlers of British
Columbia between 1588-1887; commerce, trade, and industry; forts and posts; Hudson Bay Company; mining; San Juan Islands question;
shipping and navigation; and the settlement of Vancouver Island. One folder of research notes is primarily about Russian settlements
British America, 1792-1887
Chinese immigrants, 1792-1887
Commerce, trade, exports, labor, prices, wages, 1792-1887
Currency, mints, banks, 1792-1887
Early voyages and expeditions, 1588-1887
Fisheries, lumber industry, 1792-1887
Forts and military posts, 1789-1887
Government and politics, 1789-1887
Hudson's Bay Company, 1792-1887
Immigration and naturalization, 1792-1887
Mail and telegraph, 1792-1887
Naval and military matters, 1792-1887
New Westminster, 1792-1887
Newspapers, literature, theater, society, 1792-1887
Northwest coast voyages, 1500-1806
Police, crime, justice, law, 1792-1887
Public works, waterworks, lighthouses, graving docks, 1792-1887
Revenue, taxation, tariffs, free ports, 1792-1887
San Juan Island question, 1792-1887
Sanitation, disease, hospitals, 1792-1887
Ships, shipping, shipbuilding, shipwrecks, navigation, 1792-1887
Vancouver Island, 1792-1887
Research notes, 1786-1839
Carton 2, folders 6-24
Series 2: Bibliographic and Research Notes,
History of Alaska, 1648-1885.
Scope and Content Note
Major topics include: early voyages and expeditions; Russian fur trade; native populations and relations; forts and settlements;
the United States acquisition of the Alaska Territory in 1864; and whaling.