Trial instruction, including depositions and exhibits, in the case of Klaus Barbie before the Tribunal de grande instance
de Lyon, relating to German war crimes in France during World War II. Photocopy.
Born to a Roman Catholic family in Bad Godesberg, Germany, Klaus Barbie joined the SS (Schutzstaffel) in September 1935. By
1940, he was posted to Holland, where his main task was to arrest Jews and German emigres. In 1942, Barbie arrived in recently
captured Lyons as head of the Gestapo, commanding a force of 25 officers. There, Barbie prevented sabotages and persecuted
Jews with unmatched brutality, for which he was presented the military award "First Class Iron Cross with Swords" by Adolf
Hitler. After the war, Barbie escaped prosecution in France and relocated to Bolivia, South America in 1950. He lived in Bolivia
as a businessman until 1983 when the Bolivian government extradited Barbie to France to stand trial for war crimes. In 1987
Klaus Barbie was sentenced to life imprisonment for crimes against humanity. Nine jurors and three judges found Barbie, known
as the "Butcher of Lyons" guilty of the 341 separate charges that were brought against him at the court in Lyon. He died of
cancer in 1991 while in prison.
8 manuscript boxes
(3.2 linear feet)
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