Guide to the John Fryer Papers, [ca. 1861-1921]

Processed by The Bancroft Library staff
The Bancroft Library.
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu
© 1997
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Note

History --History, University of California --History, UC Berkeley Geographical (by Place) --University of California --University of California Berkeley History --History, Asia --History, China

Guide to the John Fryer Papers, [ca. 1861-1921]

Collection number: BANC MSS C-B 968

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Processed by:
The Bancroft Library staff
Encoded by:
Brooke Dykman Dockter
© 1997. The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: John Fryer Papers,
Date (inclusive): [ca. 1861-1921]
Collection Number: BANC MSS C-B 968
Origination: Fryer, John, 1839-1928
Extent: Number of containers: 1 box, 6 cartons
Repository: The Bancroft Library.
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Abstract: Correspondence (including letters from George Davidson, Benjamin I. Wheeler and Charles W. Woodworth); MSS of his writings and lectures; lecture notes and course material; and clippings. relating to his study of China and the Chinese and to his career as professor of oriental languages and literature, University of California, Berkeley.
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research. RESTRICTED Letterpress copies in Box1, use microfilm or published transcripts. UNARRANGED and UNAVAILABLE, Cartons 4-6.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], John Fryer papers, BANC MSS C-B 968, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Biography

John Fryer was born in England in 1839. In 1860 he was graduated from St. James' School at Bristol. The following year he received his teachers certificate from Highbury College in London and was appointed principal of St. Paul's College at Hong Kong. From 1863 to 1865 he was professor of English at Tung-Wen College in Peking. He then became head of the new Anglo -Chinese School at Shanghai. During the period he also edited the first Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai.
In 1868 Fryer entered the service of the Chinese government as translator of scientific books into Chinese. In addition to his work he took an active interest in the many educational innovations that were carried on in China during this period. In 1884 he founded the Chinese Scientific Book Depot. This company, which he owned until 1911, printed and sold books on scientific subjects, and later, on general subjects also.
He left China in 1896 to accept the position of first Agassiz Professor of Oriental Languages and Literature at the University of California at Berkeley but visited China yearly to oversee his business interests and in 1911 he founded the Institute for the Chinese Blind at Shanghai. Under his direction the Department of Oriental Languages was expanded and his active interest in the department and in Chinese student affairs continued after his retirement in 1914. He also gave illustrated lectures on China and the Chinese and was a member of the Philological Society, Hung Tao Society, and president of the Oriental Institute of California. Professor Fryer died in 1928.

Scope and Content

The John Fryer papers were transferred to the Manuscripts Division from the University Archives in 1965 and relate mainly to his studies and writings on China and the Chinese and to his professorship.
A key to arrangement follows.

Key to Arrangement

Box 1

Letters written by John Fryer, 1861-1915. Original letters written to his brother George W. Fryer and other relatives; and letterpress copies of professional and business letters. Arranged chronologically.

 

Letters written to Fryer. Relate mainly to his Chinese studio and writings. Arranged alphabetically and include letters from the following:

 

California. University. Regents. Dec. 15, 1915. Written by Victor H. Henderson, secretary.

 

Condit, Ira M. Dec. 15, 1896.

 

Davidson, George, 1825-1911. Aug. 24, 1898

 

San Francisco. Chamber of Commerce. Nov. 5, 1902. Written by E. Scott, secretary

 

Wheeler, Benjamin Ide, 1854-1927. 3 letters (copies), 1900

 

Woodworth, Charles William, 1865-1940. Nov. 14, 1921

Ctn. 1

Essays and lectures. Mainly typescripts. Arranged alphabetically by subject as follows.

 

China - general

 

Anniversary of the Chinese Republic, 1914

 

The China of Today

 

The Chinese Problem

 

The Commerce of China

 

The Future of China

 

Our Relation with the Reform Movement of China

 

The Outlook for China - Aug. 1902

 

The Political and Financial Position of China

 

The Reciprocal relation of the Anglo-Saxon and the Oriental

 

Sketch of the T'ai P'ing Rebellion

 

Trade with the Orient passing through San Francisco

 

Why Japan has Developed Differently from China

 

Education

 

Can Western Knowledge Be More Effectually Imparted to the Chinese Nation ... by ... Translations of Foreign Books, or by Teaching Them to Speak and Read Foreign Languages

 

The Chinese Normal Essay

 

Education in China

 

The Education of the Chinese Blind

 

[The Recent Educational Reform]

 

The Great Men of China

 

The 3 Great Founders of Chinese Civilization (Fu-hsi, Shen-nung, Hwang-ti)

 

The 3 Great Chinese Buddhist Travelers to India (Fa-hsien, Hsuan-chuang, I-ching)

 

The 3 Great Reformers of China (Wang-an-shih, Chu-yuan-chang, Kang-yiu-wei)

 

The 3 Great Chinese Viceroys of the Last Dynasty (Tseng-kuo-fan, Li-hung-chang, Chang-chih- tung)

 

The 3 Great Philosophers of the Confucian School (Confucius, Mencius, Chu-hsi)

 

The 3 Great Poets of China (Li-tai-po, Tu-fu, Su-tung-po)

 

Language

 

A Contribution to Chinese Philology

 

Introduction to the Mandarin Language

 

One Language for all China

 

Philology of the Chinese Language

 

Literature

 

Chinese Drama

 

Chinese Poetry

 

Chinese Literature and Libraries

 

Literature of China

 

Religion and Philosophy

 

Ancient Oriental Conceptions and Modern Occidental Thought

 

Chinese Buddhism

 

Chinese Symbology

 

The Chinese System of Ethics

 

Christian Missionary work in China

 

The Confucian Divinatory or Diagram Philosophy

 

The Confucian Ethical Philosophy

 

Confucianism

 

The Divinatory Philosophy of the Chinese

 

The Fifth Century Buddhist Mission to America

 

The Future Religion of China

 

The Influence of the Religions of the Far East on Palestine at the time of Christ

 

The Jews in China

 

Missionary Work in China

 

Numerical or Mathematical Philosophy of the Chinese

 

Roman Catholicism in Shanghai and the Vicinity

 

Taoism

 

Three Great Religions of China

 

Miscellany

 

Across China from Shanghai to the Borders of Tibet

 

Ancient Chinese Sacrificial Vessels

 

Chinese Architecture

 

Chinese Home and Social Life

 

Chinese Myths

 

The Flowers of China

 

The Mission of the Japanese and the Anglo-Saxon Peoples

 

Women in China

 

Misc. fragments, etc.

Ctn. 2

Lecture notes and other course material for classes he taught at the University of California at Berkeley. Arranged by course as follows:

 

Course 1

 

Language and literature

 

The Commerce of China

 

The History of China

 

Miscellany

 

Course 2

 

Confucian and Taoist Philosophies

 

Miscellany

 

Course 3

 

Mandarin Language

 

Course 11

 

Economic Features of the Commerce of China and Japan

 

Introduction

 

Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs; Tariff

 

The Exports and Imports of China

 

Commercial Methods and Banking Systems; Coinage

 

Tenure and Transfer of Land and Property; Taxation

 

Weights and Measure; Revenue Population

 

Commercial Characteristics of the Chinese; land and water transportation

 

Railway Transit; Postal and Telegraph Systems

 

Army and Navy

 

The Commerce of China and Japan

 

Famous Women of Chinese History

 

The War between China and Japan

 

Productions and Manufactures of China

 

Education in China

 

Government, Laws and Social Conditions of China

 

The Outlook for American and European Enterprise in China

 

Treaty Ports and Spheres of Influence

 

Miscellany

 

Course 12

 

The Religions of China

 

Chinese System of Ethics

 

Buddhist and Taoist Eschatology

 

Buddhism and other religions in China

 

Philosophies and Religions of Japan

 

Miscellany

 

Course 102 B

 

Chinese language and literature

Ctn. 3

Course 108-B

 

The Great Men of China

 

Course 111

 

Politics and Commerce in China

 

Course 126 B

 

Chinese Music

 

Exams and class lists

 

Travels. Typescripts, arranged as follows:

 

Diary of Voyage to China, 1861

 

First Impressions of Hongkong and the Chinese People, 1861

 

Account of 3 days excursion on the mainland of China, 1862

 

Account of a trip to the Hills, 1883

 

Recollections of Peking, 1863 (outline only)

 

A Fortnight's Adventures in China and Mongolia, 1865

 

An Account of a trip to the "Snowy Valley", 1880

 

Yosemite, 1905

 

Trip to the Great Wall of China, n.d.

 

Account of an Excursion in China, n.d.

 

Reminiscences of life in China

 

Fiction. Mainly annotated typescripts.

 

A Buddhist Legend of the Inland Sea of Japan

 

Israel in China - A Story of the Chinese Jews of a Thousand Years Ago

 

Miscellany

 

Miscellaneous manuscripts (grouped roughly by subject)

 

Commerce

 

History and Government of China

 

Japan

 

Language and Literature (Chinese)

 

Religion and Philosophy

 

Translations of articles, poems, etc.

 

Miscellaneous manuscripts re China (education, Chinese proverbs, Social and Political Aspects of Chinese Jews, Chinese Agriculture)

 

Fragments and unidentified

 

Miscellaneous manuscripts (Oriental Studies in American and European Universities, Chicago Worlds Fair)

 

Miscellaneous materials

 

Announcements of lectures; manuscript lists

 

Articles not written by Fryer

 

Book lists

 

Genealogy of the Fryer family (includes biographical sketches)

 

Lists of slides accompanying lectures

 

Material re Chinese Scientific Terminology

 

Material re Education in China. Includes: Report to the Regents of the University of California on the Educational Reform in China, 1909, by Fryer; two pamphlets re the Institution for the Chinese Blind, founded by Fryer; articles for incorporation of the Oriental Institute of California

 

Papers re the Chinese Exclusion Act

 

Papers by Edward James (The Religion of China before Confucius; Reflections from a Mirror 3 Milleniums Old, a Study of Ancient China, from the Shi King; Lao Tzu of the Tao Teh Ching)

 

Papers by S. C. Kiang Kand Hu (1 folder)

 

The Shu Ching of "Book of History"

 

The Shih Ching of "Book of Poetry"

 

The Li Chi of "Book of Rites"

 

The Ch'un Ch'iu of the "Annual History of the Lu State"

 

The Examination System in China

 

Lectures on the "Four Books"

 

Lectures on the "Five Canons"

 

Syllabus of 60 lectures on Chinese Culture

 

Why is the Chinese Language Useful and Important to an American Businessman?

 

Photograph and Diagrams

 

The Pi-Pa-Chi (English translation of Chinese drama, 1404)

 

Reprints of Articles by Fryer

 

Material written in Chinese. Mainly unidentified

 

Miscellany

carton Ctns. 4-6

Clippings