Information for Researchers
Scope and Content of Collection
Collection Title: Robert Marshall Papers
Date (inclusive): 1908-1939
Collection Number: BANC MSS 79/94 pz
Number of containers: 17 boxes, 5 cartons, 4 card file boxes, 1 oversize box, 3 oversize folders and 7 volumes
Linear feet: 16.45
1 Digital Object (2 images)
The Bancroft Library.
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Abstract: Consists of correspondence with family, friends, and professional associates, field notebooks, journals, writings, and other
material primarily related to Marshall's forestry career with the Office of Indian Affairs and the National Forest Service.
Also included are papers and writings related to his field work mapping the Koyukuk area of Alaska, his work with the Wilderness
Society, and his love of walking and climbing peaks, especially in the Adirondacks.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Information for Researchers
Collection is open for research.
Materials in this collection may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction
of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions,
privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond
that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be
commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the
Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley 94720-6000. See:
[Identification of item], Robert Marshall Papers, BANC MSS 79/94 pz, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
Alternate Forms Available
Digital reproductions of selected items are available.
Title: Photographs from the Robert Marshall papers,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 1979.125
Title: Articles by and about Robert Marshall,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 87/176 c
Printed materials have been transferred to the book collection of The Bancroft Library.
Photographs have been transferred to Pictorial Collections of The Bancroft Library.
Maps have been transferred to the Map Collection of The Bancroft Library.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog
Carson, Russell M. L. (Russell Mack Little), 1884-
Cooper, William S. (William Skinner), b. 1884.
Foote, James A.
Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952.
Leopold, Aldo, 1886-1948.
MacKaye, Benton, 1879-1975.
Marshall, George, 1904-
Marshall, Robert, 1901-1939--Archives.
Oberholtzer, Ernest C.
Olson, Sigurd F., 1899-
Izaak Walton League of America.
Johns Hopkins University.
National Parks Association (U.S.)
New York (State). Conservation Dept.
Smith and Haas, Inc.
Society of American Foresters.
State University College of Forestry at Syracuse University.
United States. Forest Service.
United States. National Park Service.
United States. Office of Indian Affairs.
Wilderness Society (U.S.)
Forest Conservation Conference (1st :, Washington, D.C. :, 1933)
Forest Conservation Conference (2nd :, Washington, D.C. :, 1937)
Conservation of natural resources--Alaska.
Forests and forestry.
Adirondack Mountains (N.Y.)
Alaska--Description and travel.
Koyukuk River (Alaska)
Manuscripts for publication.
Online Archive of California.
The Robert Marshall Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by George Marshall on March, 1979. Additions were made in August
Robert Marshall, forester and environmentalist, was born in New York on January 2, 1901. The son of Louis Marshall, a constitutional
lawyer and philanthropist, Robert Marshall developed an early interest in mountains, the outdoors, and activism. After graduating
from the Ethical Culture School in New York, he attended Columbia College, the New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse,
and then Harvard University. From 1925-1928 he worked at the United States Forestry Service's Northern Rocky Mountain Forest
Experiment Station in Missoula, Montana returning to school in 1928 at Johns Hopkins University to earn a Ph.D. in Plant Physiology.
Marshall traveled to Alaska in the summer of 1929 exploring the basin of the Koyukuk River in the Central Brooks Range. After
receiving his doctorate in 1934, he built a log cabin near an arctic village, Wiseman Alaska, which was his base of operations
during his 13 month exploration of the northern Koyukuk region. He returned to Alaska in 1938 to explore and map the North
Fork of the Koyukuk and Upper Anaktuvuk Rivers, and again in 1939 to complete mapping the Koyukuk territory. He was the first
person to map much of the area.
From 1933 to 1937 Marshall served as Director of Forestry for the Office of Indian Affairs. During this period Marshall, along
with Benton MacKaye, Aldo Leopold and others, established the Wilderness Society, an organization dedicated to preserving
the wilderness in its unspoiled state. In 1937 Marshall was made chief of the new Forest Service Division of Recreation and
Lands. Marshall died suddenly of a heart attack in 1939 at 38 years of age.
Scope and Content of Collection
The Robert Marshall papers, 1908-1939, consist of correspondence with family, friends and professional associates, field notebooks,
journals, writings, and other material primarily related to Marshall's forestry career with the Office of Indian Affairs and
the Forestry Service. Also included are papers, writings, and maps related to his field work mapping the Koyukuk area of Alaska,
his work with the Wilderness Society, and his love of walking and climbing peaks, especially in the Adirondacks.