Information for Researchers
Scope and Content
Collection Title: Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1873,
Date (single): 1873
Collection Number: BANC PIC 19xx.091--STER
44 photographic prints ; stereograph, albumen ; 10 x 18 cm.
44 digital objects
Timothy H. O'Sullivan
The Bancroft Library. University of California, Berkeley.
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Information for Researchers
Collection is available for use.
Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted
in writing to the Curator of Pictorial Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library
as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must
also be obtained by the reader.
Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted
to research and educational purposes.
[Identification of item],
Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1873 , BANC PIC 19xx.091--STER, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Digital Representations Available
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 19xx.055--ffALB,
Photographs Taken During the U.S. Geological Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, 1871-1873, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 19xx.089--STER,
Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1871, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 19xx.090--STER,
Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1872, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 19xx.273--PIC,
Title: Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.).
New Mexico Photographs from the 1873 Geographical Survey West of the 100th Meridian
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 1905.17116-.17119--STER,
Western Survey Expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell
Timothy H. O'Sullivan was born in 1840. He learned photography at the New York gallery of Mathew Brady, and accompanied Brady
on a Civil War photography assignment. In 1863 O'Sullivan left Brady to establish his own gallery in Washington D.C. He published
a series of "Photographic Incidents of the War" (1862-1865). In 1867 he joined the Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel,
led by Clarence King, which was the first of the four great post-war surveys carried out by the United States Government.
This expedition explored the area from the eastern edge of the Sierras and across the great Basin to the front range of the
After three years as King's photographer, O'Sullivan was appointed Photographer to the Darien Surveying Expedition in 1870
by the Secretary of the Navy. The purpose of this expedition was to report to the government on possible routes for a ship
canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. He returned to the West in 1871 with the Geographical and Geological Explorations
and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, commanded by Lieutenant George M .Wheeler of the Corps of Engineers. The party surveyed
Owens Valley, Death Valley, and the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon. Most of O'Sullivan's photographs during this
expedition were ruined in transit. O'Sullivan was transferred back to a Clarence King survey in 1872, to a team that went
to Wyoming. In the winter of 1872-1873, O'Sullivan printed two sets of his King survey photographs for an exhibition at the
World's Fair in Vienna in 1873. In 1873 O'Sullivan accompanied Wheeler once again, this time to Arizona and New Mexico, photographing
the mysterious Native American ruins of Canyon de Chelly, San Miguel Church in Santa Fe, and Zuni Pueblo. In 1874 he visited
the West for the last time, working in northern New Mexico, southern Colorado, and Idaho. He became photographer to the U.S.
Treasury Department in 1880. O'Sullivan died of tuberculosis in Staten Island in 1882.
(Sources: Dingus, Rich.
The Photographic Artifacts of Timothy O'Sullivan. Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1982, pp. 4, 12-13; Newhall, Beaumont and Nancy.
T. H. O'Sullivan: Photographer. Rochester, N.Y.: The George Eastman House, in collaboration with The Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, 1966.)
Scope and Content
This collection from the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition of 1873 consists of 44 stereographs, photographed by Timothy
H. O'Sullivan. Includes views from the Arizona Series, the New Mexico Series, the Colorado River Series, the Geological Series,
the Indian Series, and the Historic Series. Images include Apache Lake, Sierra Blanca Range, Apache, Zuni and Navajo Indians,
North Fork Canyon, Cooley's Park, Canyon de Chelly, Blackwater Canyon, Inscription Rock and Zuni Pueblo in New Mexico, Paria
Creek, and others. The photographer's numbers are retained for the numbering system, which account for the gaps in numbering.
Printed captions below the photographs are reprinted in the container listing.