Letters written to him and by him; biographical material; manuscripts of his writings; copies of his speeches and statements;
reprints and tear sheets of his articles and book reviews; personalia; awards and diplomas; memorial tributes; clippings;
subject files. Relating to his career in police administration at Wichita, Kansas and Chicago, the development of the criminology
program at the University of California, Berkeley, his consultant assignments and his writings in the field of police administration.
Orlando Winfield Wilson, criminologist, police administrator and educator, was born on May 15, 1900 in Veblen, South Dakota.
He started police work in 1921 as a patrolman with the Berkeley, California Police Department, working his way at the University
of California as one of August Vollmer's "college cops." Graduating with an A.B. in 1924, he resigned from the Berkeley force
in April 1925 to become chief of police in Fullerton, California. In 1928, on Vollmer's recommendation, he became police chief
of Wichita, Kansas, a position he held until 1939 when he returned to Berkeley as professor of police administration at the
School of Criminology, serving as dean, 1950-60. During this period he also did intermittent police consultation and advisory
work, conducting a number of police surveys and directing reorganization of departments in several cities. In World War II,
he served in the army in a variety of posts. In 1960 he went to Chicago at the request of Mayor Richard J. Daley, to head
a blue-ribbon committee seeking a new police commissioner. The committee, after searching the country for a candidate, chose
its own chairman, and Wilson accepted the job with the assurance that he would have the support he considered necessary to
rebuild the department which had been rocked with graft and incompetence. Retiring in 1967 with a distinct record of achievement,
he returned to California, living in Poway until his death on October 18, 1972.
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