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Finding Aid to the Mexía Family Papers, 1694-1951
BANC MSS M-B 1  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: Mexía family papers
    Date (inclusive): 1694-1951
    Collection Number: BANC MSS M-B 1
    Creators : Mexía family.

    Mexía, José Antonio, 1790-1839.

    Mexía, Enrique Guillermo Antonio, 1829-1896.

    Mexía, Ynés, 1870-1938.
    Extent: Number of containers: 5 boxes, 1 volume, 1 oversize portfolio, 1 oversize folder, and 1 tube. Linear feet: 5.25
    Repository: The Bancroft Library
    University of California, Berkeley
    Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
    Phone: (510) 642-6481
    Fax: (510) 642-7589
    Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
    URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
    Abstract: Contains the papers of several Mexía family members including José Antonio Mexía, Enrique Guillermo Antonio Mexía, and Ynés Mexía. The papers consist of correspondence, legal documents, and writings relating to their family's connection with Mexico and Texas. It also includes copies of legal documents of the Mexía family in Spain before they came to the New World. Papers do not include Ynés Mexía's documents relating to her career as a botanist, which are in the Ynés Mexía Papers at the Bancroft and papers at the California Academy of Sciences. The Mexía Collection represents a cross section of Mexican life, business, politics, and relations with the United States for a period of more than a century and includes correspondence with many high level officials.
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in Spanish and English
    Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

    Information for Researchers

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94270-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html .
    Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Mexía Family Papers, BANC MSS M-B 1, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Alternate Forms Available

    Volume 1 and portions of Box 1 also available on microfilm. (BANC MSS M-B 1 FILM)

    Related Collections

    Ynés Mexía papers (BANC MSS 68/130)

    Separated Material

    Photographs have been transferred to the Pictorial Collections of The Bancroft Library. (BANC PIC 1905.13069-.13070-PIC and BANC PIC 1934.003-.004--POR) Objects have been transferred to the Pictorial Collections of The Bancroft Library. (BANC PIC 19xx.031:082)

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Mexía family--Archives
    Mexía, José Antonio, 1790-1839--Archives.
    Mexía, Enrique Guillermo Antonio, 1829-1896--Archives
    Mexía, Ynés, 1870-1938--Archives
    Cubans--Mexico
    Mexican War, 1846-1848
    Land grants--Texas--Maps, Manuscript
    Legal instruments--Spain
    Mexico--Social life and customs
    Mexico--Commerce
    Mexico--Politics and government
    Mexico--Foreign relations--United States
    Mexico--History--19th century
    Mexico--History--European intervention, 1861-1867
    Tampico (Tamaulipas, Mexico)--History--19th century
    Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836
    Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846
    Legal instruments
    Manuscript maps
    Illuminated manuscripts--Spain--18th century

    Administrative Information

    Acquisition Information

    The Mexía Family Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by Ynés Mexía and her estate over the years 1934 to 1955.

    Accruals

    No additions are expected.

    System of Arrangement

    Arranged to the folder level.

    Processing Information

    Re-processed by Alison E. Bridger in 2007.

    Biographical Information

    José Antonio Mexía

    A Cuban, José Mexía came to Mexico in 1823. He was a federalist who rose to the position of general in the Mexican Army. Upon being sent by Montezuma, the commandante at Tampico, to punish Texas rebels, in 1832, Mexía changed his views concerning Texas and turned back to Tampico. He attempted to obtain help from New Orleans and returned to Mexico in November 1835 with three ships. He succeeded in capturing the port of Tampico but lost the town. While fighting against Santa Anna's troops at Acajete he was taken prisoner on May 3, 1839 and was executed three hours later.
    José Antonio Mexía married Charlotte Walker, daughter of English parents, in Mexico City on August 5, 1823. Their children were: Adelaide Matilde, born in 1826; Enrique Guillermo Antonio born in 1829; and José Carlos.

    Enrique Guillermo Antonio Mexía

    Enrique Guillermo Antonio Mexía began his military career as a Second-Lieutenant in the Mexican army during the war with the United States, 1845-1847. During the war he was taken prisoner by U.S. troops. After his release, he lived in Mexico and Texas where he owned land inherited from his father.
    Mexía took part in the Mexican three year war, "La Reforma" (1857-1860), fighting on the side of the liberal party, which was trying to establish a new constitution. During the European intervention that followed, Mexía served on several diplomatic missions for the exiled Juarez government. On one occasion he was commissioned to go to the United States to purchase arms for the Mexican army. He was also in charge of the defense of the ports of Tampico, Vera Cruz, and Bagdad (near the Texan border), where there were several conflicts with American troops. One of these conflicts included an attack made by African American troops in January 1866 when American authorities seized the property of Mexican citizens in the custom house at Brownsville, Texas.
    After Emperor Maximilian's execution, Mexía was engaged chiefly in suppressing minor revolts against the Juarez government. During the period of turmoil following the death of President Juarez in 1872, Mexía was sent to the United States to purchase arms for the state of Puebla, loyal to Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada in his struggle with Porfirio Díaz for the presidency. During the period of 1880 to 1896, Mexía was occupied with improvements in Mexico such as railroads, electricity and steamship lines. He also was active in politics, serving as deputy from Temascultepec to the Mexican Congress.
    Enrique Guillermo Antonio Mexía married Sarah Ramsey Wilmer from the United States in 1868.

    Ynés Mexía

    Daughter to Enrique Guillermo Antonio Mexía and Sarah Ramsey Wilmer, Ynés Mexía was educated in the United States, including at the University of California, Berkeley. She became an eminent botanist and collected specimens on field trips in Mexico, Central and South America, and Alaska for the University of California, Berkeley and the Smithsonian Institution.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Mexía Family Papers contain the papers of several Mexía family members including José Antonio Mexía, Enrique Guillermo Antonio Mexía, and Ynés Mexía. The papers consist of correspondence, legal documents, and writings relating to their family's connection with Mexico and Texas. It also includes copies of legal documents of the Mexía family in Spain before they came to the New World. Papers do not include Ynés Mexía's documents relating to her career as a botanist, which are in the Ynés Mexía Papers at the Bancroft and papers at the California Academy of Sciences. The Mexía Collection represents a cross section of Mexican life, business, politics, and relations with the United States for a period of more than a century and includes correspondence with many high level officials.