Guide to the Mexican photograph album documenting the American Seminar on Relations with Mexico [graphic], 1927

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Guide to the Mexican photograph album documenting the American Seminar on Relations with Mexico [graphic], 1927

Collection number: BANC PIC 2000.070--ALB

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

Processed by:
The Bancroft Library staff
Date Completed:
May 2000
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 2001 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Mexican photograph album documenting the American Seminar on Relations with Mexico [graphic],
Date (single): 1927
Collection Number: BANC PIC 2000.070--ALB
Extent: 1 album (133 photographic prints) : b&w; album 23 x 31 cm
Repository: The Bancroft Library.
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Abstract: Snapshots of the visit of members of the American Seminar on Relations with Mexico to Mexico City, Xochimilco, San Juan Teotihuacan, Toluca, and rural areas like Acolman (in the state of Mexico), and the ejido Tlahuac. Images reflect concerns with rural development and education and they document visits to historical sites, archaeological sites, and churches. Many snapshots include government officials and dignitaries such as President Plutarco Elias Calles and Governor Carlos Riva Palacio (the younger).
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Mexican photograph album documenting the American Seminar on Relations with Mexico [graphic], BANC PIC 2000.070--ALB, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Scope and Content

In 1927 the American Seminar on Relations with Mexico made a trip to the central area of this country. They visited Mexico City, Xochimilco, San Juan Teotihuacan, Toluca, and rural areas like Acolman (in the state of Mexico), and the ejido Tlahuac (close to Xochimilco).
This collection of photographs is a noteworthy testimony of early 20th century Mexico in several senses. It is a portrait of rural Mexico, of its landscapes, of its people, during the times of the reconstruction of the country after the Revolution. It also offers a comparison between the material resources and social projects in two cities (Mexico City and Toluca) and the daily activities in other areas. This collection is also a visual proof of the perception that the members of the American Seminar had about Mexican past and present. Their selection of places to visit, their interviews with the higher political and educative authorities speak about their interest in the social problems and governmental social policies during the 1920s.
The agenda of the members of this Seminar placed the visit to the archeological site of San Juan Teotihuacan, the convent and chapel of Acolman, and some colonial buildings in Mexico City at the beginning of this trip. Besides this interest in Mexican antiquities, the Seminar focused on the situation of Indian people both in the cities and in the countryside. Thus, most of the plates of this collection are devoted to the influence of the Mexican government in areas like education of Indian boys and rural development.

Curatorial notes on specific images

Image 7 (pg. 4):
Interior of the chapel of the convent of Acolman, in the state of Mexico. This chapel was an annex of the Augustinian convent built in the mid 16th century. It was built and decorated in a plateresque style; the presbytery has a series of paintings in fresco representing the hierarchy of the Catholic Church: prophets, bishops, and friars.
Image 52 (pg. 15):
The education of Indian boys after the Mexican Revolution was oriented toward the learning of Spanish language, and the acquisition of some industrial skills and knowledge. This was the case, at least, in central Mexico, where this kind of industrial school received support from the national government.
Image 101 (pg. 16):
The Mexican government tried to gather Mexican peasants in official unions like the CROM (Confederación Regional Obrera Mexicana), founded during the presidency of Plutarco Elias Calles. This photograph shows the relation between this union and the peasants of Tlahuac, a small ejido close to Xochimilco. The comments written at the bottom of the photograph show the favorable opinion of the American Seminar about this relationship.

List of Photographs

page 1

Plutarco Elias Calles. President of Mexico, 1924-28.

Physical Description: 90
page 2

Hubert C. Herring. Director of the American Seminar on Relations with Mexico. 1/10/1927.

Physical Description: 1
page 2

Head of Moctezuma

Physical Description: 131
page 2

Fountain on the Alameda

Physical Description: 132
page 3

A home by the railroad

Physical Description: 4
page 3

Village Church in Xochimilco

Physical Description: 5
page 3

Old Church near Xochimilco

Physical Description: 6
page 3

Fountain, Mexico, D.F.

Physical Description: 14
page 3

Façade of Chatedral Annex, Mexico, D.F.

Physical Description: 43
page 3

Municipal Palace, Mexico

Physical Description: 44
page 3

"In spite of everything"

Physical Description: 48
page 3

Juarez Monument, Mexico, D.F.

Physical Description: 80
page 3

"Desfair"

Physical Description: 81
page 4

Altar of Acolman Church.

Physical Description: 7

Scope and Content Note

[Note: View shows the interior of the chapel of the convent of Acolman, in the state of Mexico. This chapel was an annex of the Augustinian convent built in the mid 16th century. It was built and decorated in a plateresque style; the presbytery has a series of paintings in fresco representing the hierarchy of the Catholic Church: prophets, bishops, and friars. ]
page 4

Acolman Church and convent

Physical Description: 8
page 4

Church of Acolman

Physical Description: 9
page 4

Prof. Mendizabal, Archeologist, telling about Acolman church and convent

Physical Description: 19
page 5

Same as 16.

Physical Description: 15
page 5

Prof. Mendizabal, Archeologist

Physical Description: 16
page 5

Same as 15.

Physical Description: 17
page 5

"Morelos" Monument

Physical Description: 24
page 5

Monument and Grave of Morelos

Physical Description: 25
page 6

Hacienda chapel. Patron saint with shovel

Physical Description: 20
page 6

Typical peon children

Physical Description: 21
page 6

Haciendas had only one gateway

Physical Description: 22
page 6

Old Hacienda, patio, showing store where peons had to buy, and doors to one room living quarter

Physical Description: 23
page 6

Same as 36.

Physical Description: 31
page 6

The Pyramid peon within "La Ciudadela"

Physical Description: 36
page 6

Moon Pyramid, San Juan Teotihuacan

Physical Description: 39
page 7

Paul Hutchinson (In Teotihuacan)

Physical Description: 30
page 7

Miss Murray, Bob Haberman, Amy Blanche Green (in Teotihuacan)

Physical Description: 32
page 7

Aztec Altar whithin "La Ciudadela". Toltec mound in rear covered earlier civilization

Physical Description: 33
page 7

Dinner in Grotto at San Juan Teotihuacan

Physical Description: 34
page 7

Approach to Aztec Altar

Physical Description: 37
page 8

Country Church

Physical Description: 11
page 8

Political propaganda on road to Xochimilco

Physical Description: 13
page 8

Members of American Seminar on top of Aztec Altar Floor

Physical Description: 38
page 8

"La Ciudadela", San Juan Teotihuacan

Physical Description: 40
page 8

Transportation, old and new

Physical Description: 54
page 9

Decoration of Acolman Church

Physical Description: 10
page 9

Façade of Guadalupe

Physical Description: 49
page 9

Front of Church of The Virgin of Guadalupe

Physical Description: 50
page 9

Worshippers, church of Guadalupe. Jan. 2, 1927.

Physical Description: 51
page 10

National Palace from tower of Cathedral

Physical Description: 27
page 10

Plaza from tower of Cathedral

Physical Description: 28
page 10

Over National Palace toward Xochimilco

Physical Description: 29
page 10

Same as 47.

Physical Description: 41
page 10

Plaza from Cathedral tower, Mexico, D.F.

Physical Description: 45
page 10

Clock tower and bell tower of Cathedral

Physical Description: 46
page 10

Children of 6th generation, Roof of Cathedral, Mexico

Physical Description: 47
page 10

The Cathedral, Mexico City

Physical Description: 79
page 11

The "Poison Jesus"

Physical Description: 77
page 11

"Souls in Purgatory" - church of the "Poison Jesus" - Mexico, D.F.

Physical Description: 82
page 11

Archbishop Leopoldo Ruiz (Michoacan); Bishop Pascual Diaz (Tabasco); Archbisop Miguel de la Mora (San Luis Potosi)

Physical Description: 93
page 12

Xochimilco

Physical Description: 68
page 12

The Indian "Violet Girl"

Physical Description: 69
page 12

Seminar Party on Xochimilco barge

Physical Description: 72
page 12

Xochimilco

Physical Description: 74
page 13

Bob Haberman, Senator Salcedo, Frank Mc Laughlen

Physical Description: 64
page 13

Xochimilco

Physical Description: 65
page 13

Xochimilco

Physical Description: 66
page 13

Xochimilco

Physical Description: 67
page 13

Indians, Xochimilco market

Physical Description: 73
page 13

Church of Xochimilco

Physical Description: 75
page 13

Xochimilco market

Physical Description: 76
page 14

Indian boys at stage in Auditorium of New Industrial School, Mexico, D.F.

Physical Description: 56
page 14

Indian boys of 26 tongues, after 8 months

Physical Description: 58
page 14

Moises Saenz, A.M. Columbia, Under Sec. Of Education

Physical Description: 60
page 14

Dr. Ruiz Casanova. Sec. Of Education

Physical Description: 61
page 14

Tomas Montaño, Director of Univ. Exchange

Physical Description: 62
page 15

Where products of Industrial schools are sold.

Physical Description: 52
page 15

Newsboy reading

Physical Description: 53
page 15

Swimming pool athletic court Normal School, Mexico D.F.

Physical Description: 55
page 15

Indian boys

Physical Description: 57
page 16

Government tractor schredding stalks, Tlahuac "ejido"

Physical Description: 86
page 16

Cornstalks, Tlahuac "ejido"

Physical Description: 87
page 16

Farmers' Union from Zapotitlan greeting Secretary Leon

Physical Description: 94
page 16

Cornstalks being shreded and boled, Tlahuac "ejido"

Physical Description: 100
page 16

C.R.O.M. truck. Landlords used to give $3.00 for stalks from 4 acres. Now with govl. Help, farmers make over $600.00 net.

Physical Description: 101
page 16

Special train for Tlahuac

Physical Description: 106
page 17

Sec. Luis Leon, Jan. 8, 1927.

Physical Description: 102
page 17

C.R.O.M. truck taking shreded, boled cornstalks to market

Physical Description: 104
page 17

Address of Sec. Leon

Physical Description: 109
page 17

(untitled, same as 109)

Physical Description: 110
page 17

Address of Sec. Leon

Physical Description: 111
page 17

Same as 109.

Physical Description: 114
page 18

Banquet served by Tlahuac peasants to American Seminar

Physical Description: 84
page 18

Teacher and children who sang, played, and recited

Physical Description: 91
page 18

American Seminar with Sec. Leon arriving at Tlahuac

Physical Description: 96
page 19

Load of glassware ready for market in Mexico City, Tlahuac

Physical Description: 92
page 19

Typical washing scene, Tlahuac

Physical Description: 97
page 19

Mr. And Mrs. Haberman

Physical Description: 99
page 19

Boy violinist, Tlahuac orchestra

Physical Description: 105
page 19

Dinner at Tlahuac

Physical Description: 107
page 19

Orchestra, Tlahuac

Physical Description: 108
page 19

Cathedral and grass huts, Tlahuac

Physical Description: 113
page 20

Same as 129.

Physical Description: 117
page 20

Gov. Palacio

Physical Description: 118
page 20

State capitol building, Toluca

Physical Description: 122
page 20

Store built into side of Toluca Cathedral

Physical Description: 126
page 20

Gov. Palacio and B. Haberman

Physical Description: 128
page 20

Carlos Riva Palacio, Gov. State of Mexico

Physical Description: 129
page 21

Symbolic Bas relief, Normal School, Tolcua, and Director of Cultural Mission

Physical Description: 119
page 21

Womens' Normal School, Toluca, State of Mexico

Physical Description: 121
page 21

Hauling timber, Toluca

Physical Description: 123
page 21

"Toonerville" at toluca, Ford chasis and engine

Physical Description: 124
page 21

Prohibition propaganda, Normal School, Toluca

Physical Description: 130
page 22

American Seminar with Luis Morones, Secretary of Labor, Mexico

Physical Description: 83
page 22

Indian group on street, Toluca

Physical Description: 120
page 22

"Baskets, sausage and dairy products, Toluca, Public market

Physical Description: 127
page 23

American Seminar with Gov. Palacio at Fountain, Toluca

Physical Description: 115
page 23

American Seminar guests of Gov. Palacio at Toluca

Physical Description: 116
page 23

Orchestra, Tlahuac

Physical Description: 133
page 24

American Seminar with President Calles in National Palace, Mexico City. Jan. 8, 1927.

Physical Description: 35