Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Guide to the Julia Morgan Architectural Drawings, 1907-1929
BANC MSS 71/156 c  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (158.23 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: Julia Morgan Architectural Drawings,
    Date (inclusive): 1907-1929
    Collection Number: BANC MSS 71/156 c
    Creator: Morgan, Julia, (1872-1957)
    Extent: 106 oversize folders, 8 tubes, 1 portfolio (18.7 linear ft.) 33 digital objects
    Repository: The Bancroft Library.
    Berkeley, California 94720-6000
    Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
    Languages Represented: English

    Information for Researchers

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Julia Morgan Architectural Drawings, BANC MSS 71/156 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Microfilm

    Microfilm duplicating selected drawings from the collection is available at the following repositories:
    • Contributing Institution: The Bancroft Library:
      Identifier/Call Number: BANC FILM 2546
    • Contributing Institution: Environmental Design Library:
      Identifier/Call Number: MICROFILM 78264 NA

    Related Collections

    Title: Material relating to Julia Morgan, 1928-1988 (bulk 1928-1947).
    (BANC MSS 77/127 c). The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA
    Title: Morgan, Julia, 1872-1957. Residence of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Thelen, Berkeley, California. Julia Morgan, Architect, 1924 January.
    (BANC MSS 90/151 c). The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA
    Title: Views of Girton Hall, University of California, Berkeley [graphic] 1920.
    (UARC PIC 16G). University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA
    Title: Maybeck, Bernard R., architectural drawings, 1939-1940
    (BANC MSS 79/87 c). The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA
    Title: Architectural Drawings of University of California Buildings,
    (CU-402). The Bancroft Library, University Archives, University of California, Berkeley, CA
    Title: Correspondence and papers relating to the proposed Hearst Memorial Complex for the University of California, Berkeley.
    (CU-13.9). University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA
    Title: Hacienda del Pozo de Verona, [19--].
    (BANC MSS 92/117 c). The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA
    Title: Photographs from the Phoebe Apperson Hearst papers, 1842-1919.
    (BANC PIC 1972.015). The Bancroft Library, Pictorial Collection, University of California,Berkeley, CA
    Title: William Randolph Hearst letters to Phoebe Apperson Hearst, 1863-1951.
    (BANC MSS 87/232 c). The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA
    Title: Julia Morgan Collection.
    Department of Special Collections, Robert E. Kennedy Library, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA

    Administrative Information

    Funding

    Arrangement and description of this collection was funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities

    Biographical Note

    Julia Morgan was born in 1872 in Oakland, California where she continued to live throughout her life. Immediately after Morgan's graduation from Oakland High School, she enrolled in the College of Civil Engineering at University of California, Berkeley, receiving her degree in 1894. While at Berkeley she was introduced to Bernard Maybeck, who was an instructor of drawing at the university and taught architecture privately, since at that time there was no school of architecture. Maybeck encouraged students interested in architecture to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the foremost architectural program at the time. After graduation Morgan worked briefly for Maybeck, and then traveled to Paris in 1896 intending to enroll in the Ecole.
    In 1897, Morgan took the entrance examination for the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, ranking 13th out of 392 competitors. Despite her score, she was denied admission because the school did not wish to encourage women in the field of architecture. The next year Morgan became the first woman to be admitted to the architecture school. She chose the atelier of Benjamin Chaussemiche, winner of the 1890 Prix de Rome and official architect for the City of Paris. Morgan excelled in her studies, becoming the first woman to receive a diploma in architecture in 1901. After graduation, she continued to work for Chaussemiche, designing the Harriet Fearing Residence in Fontainebleau.
    In 1902 Morgan returned to the Bay Area and was employed by John Galen Howard, the University of California, Berkeley architect. While at his office, she worked on projects such as the Hearst Mining Building and the Greek Theater. In 1905 she opened her own office in the Merchants Exchange Building in San Francisco, however, the 1906 earthquake and subsequent fires interrupted her practice. Morgan temporarily moved her practice to Oakland and formed a partnership with Ira Wilson Hoover, another draftsman in Howard's office. The new firm, "Morgan and Hoover" had several notable commissions during this period, including the Carnegie Library at Mills College, St. John's Presbyterian Church in Berkeley, and the structural renovation of the Fairmont Hotel in San Francisco.
    In 1910 Hoover moved to New York, and the firm changed its name to "Julia Morgan, Architect." Although Morgan maintained her own practice, she often worked on joint projects with other architects and engineers. Morgan worked with Maybeck on the Hearst Gymnasium at University of California, Berkeley, and later, on Principia College in Elsah, Illinois. She also collaborated with engineer Walter Steilberg, even after he left her office.
    Julia Morgan is well known for her residences, but she also designed numerous institutional buildings such as churches, schools, hospitals, university buildings, swimming pools and a series of YWCA buildings. She worked principally in California and the West. For distant projects, she often sent Edward Hussey, an architect in her office; to monitor projects and keep her updated on their progress.
    Phoebe Apperson Hearst and her son William Randolph Hearst were responsible for a number of Morgan's commissions. Phoebe Hearst encouraged Morgan in her career, commissioned her to work, and was a great supporter until her death in 1919. One of Morgan's largest commissions was William Randolph Hearst's La Cuesta Encantada, popularly known as Hearst Castle, in San Simeon. In 1919 she began work on the lavish and enormous compound, a project which continued for nearly twenty years. Other designs for Hearst included a commercial building in San Francisco, Wyntoon in Siskiyou County, the San Francisco Medieval Museum, a residence for Marion Davies in Santa Monica, and the Babicora Hacienda in Mexico.
    Morgan's projects were incredibly varied in style and materials. This diversity is usually attributed to her willingness to listen to clients' desires as well as her flexibility as an architect. Utilizing her Beaux-Arts training, Morgan began with logical and coherent plans and then added the exterior facades and ornament. Renaissance Revival, Tudor, Spanish Colonial, Mediterranean and Islamic styles were all part of her architectural vocabulary and were pieced together and overlapped with Craftsman elements as needed. Although the exact number of projects by Julia Morgan is unknown, over her career she is believed to have designed more than seven hundred buildings, most of which were constructed. She closed her office in 1951 at the age of seventy-nine. Morgan died February 2, 1957 at the age of eighty-five.

    Note

    Sources:

    • Boutelle, Sara H. Julia Morgan, Architect. Abbeville Publishers, New York, 1988.
    • James, Cary. Julia Morgan. Chelsea House Publishers, New York, 1990.
    • Longstreth, Richard W. Julia Morgan, Architect. Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association, Berkeley, 1977.
    • ___________. Julia Morgan of San Francisco, California, [photocopy]. available at clippings file, Environmental Design Archives, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
    • Adams, Annmarie. Notes on the Julia Morgan Collection, 1985. TMs [photocopy]. available at clippings file, Environmental Design Archives, University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA
    • Riess, Suzanne B. ed. The Julia Morgan Architectural History Project. Vol. 1 and 2. available at The Bancroft Library, Bancroft Library Regional Oral History Office, Berkeley, 1976 .

    Scope and Content

    The Julia Morgan Architectural consists of Morgan's drawings, chiefly from her partnership with Ira Wilson Hoover and records of from her own firm, for the years 1907-1929. The collection contains pencil sketches, along with blueprints, linens, and one specification for Morgan's commissions in San Francisco, the East Bay, including Berkeley, Oakland, and Piedmont, as well as other California communities. This finding aid contains digital images of selected Julia Morgan drawings from the collection.
    The drawings are important as a record of the work of one of the earliest female architects in the nation, and a testament of California design. The collection represents works from the most prosperous years of her career, and focuses primarily on her residential work. Notable projects in the collection include several for female clients, including Mrs. C. H. Layson and Mrs. F. H. Beaver. Also included are projects for Joseph Le Conte, W. Jepson, Selden R. Williams, and the YWCA at Asilomar.
    Guide to the Project Index:
    The Project Index is a way to organize the various formats of architectural records from the same project. Each horizontal row holds information about a project and the location of the project records.
    Client Name/Project Name:
    The first column lists the Client or Project name. The client name is always listed first. If the project has a name, this may be listed with a see reference to the client. This is the most likely way that researchers will wish to find a project.
    Collaborator / Role:
    Often architects worked with other architects, engineers, or landscape architects. The name of the collaborator is listed, Last name, and first initial. The role of the collaborator follows in the same column in parenthesis.

    e.g. Maybeck, B. (architect) = Maybeck as a collaborating architect
    Physical Location of Materials:

    Manuscript Records, Drawings, Detail Drawings, Photographs

    • The next set of fields are used to designate the physical location of any materials related to the project. Materials may include records, files, correspondence, and papers, drawings, detail drawings, or photographs.
    • The location of the materials is formatted to have the box number, then folder number.

      e.g. Box # | Folder # - one box, one folder: 5 | 2
    • Folders in consecutive order, but the same box will be hyphenated. e.g. additional folders - same box, consecutive: 5 | 6-9
    • Folders not in consecutive order, but in the same box will be separated by a comma.

      e.g. additional folders - same box, not consecutive: 5 | 6, 11
    • Materials that reside in more than one box are separated in the cell with a comma.

      e.g. additional folders - different box: 4 | 3, 5 | 2
    • If the material is not a box, but actually a Tube, a T will be entered before the tube number.
    • If an oversize folder contains the material, the size of the folder will be entered after the folder number.

      e.g. number, oversize folder - 10 B
    Date:
    The date of the project. May be a single year, a range of years, or a circa date.
    Location and State:
    The geographical location of the project.
    Project Type:
    The general term for the category of building.

    e.g. a commercial building or a residence.
    Microfilm:
    This column will appear if the collection has been microfilmed. The column tracks the amount of material microfilmed for each project: all, selected or none.