State Land Settlement, Durham, California, 1918-1919

Processed by Katherine Ruiz.
The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
1996

State Land Settlement, Durham, California, 1918-1919

BANC PIC 1966.034--fALB

The Bancroft Library



University of California

Berkeley, California 1996
Finding aid and digital representations of archival materials funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
    Processed and encoded by:
    California Heritage Digital Image Access Project staff in The Bancroft Library and The Library's Electronic Text Unit
    Digital images processed by:
    The Library Photographic Service
    Finding aid completed:
    November 1996
© 1996 The Regents of the University of California

Collection Summary

Collection Title: State Land Settlement, Durham, California,
Date: 1918-1919
Collection Number: BANC PIC 1966.034--fALB
Creator: Mead, Elwood, 1858-1936
Extent: 4 albums (267 photographic prints) and 6 boxes of glass negatives ; various sizes 267 digital objects
Repository: The Bancroft Library. University of California, Berkeley.
Berkeley, California 94720-6000
Languages Represented: English

Information for Researchers

Access

Photograph albums are available for use. Glass negatives are unarranged and not available for use.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Pictorial Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item] State Land Settlement, Durham, California, 1918-1919 , BANC PIC 1966.034--fALB, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Digital Representations Available

Digital representations of selected original pictorial materials are available in the list of materials below. Digital image files were prepared from selected Library originals by the Library Photographic Service. Library originals were copied onto 35mm color transparency film; the film was scanned and transferred to Kodak Photo CD (by Custom Process); and the Photo CD files were color-corrected and saved in JFIF (JPEG) format for use as viewing files.

Related Collections

Title: Elwood Mead papers,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-B 1041
Title: State Land Settlement, Delhi, California, 1920-1922 / Elwood Mead,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 1966.033--fALB

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Durham photographs were transferred from the Elwood Mead papers (BANC MSS C-B 1041).

Background

The State Land Settlements at Durham and Delhi were begun in 1918 and 1919, respectively. The Durham settlement was located near Chico in Butte County, California. The settlements were based on a 1917 land settlement program initiated by the state of California to encourage and improve land development methods. Durham settlement had about 130 settlers who owned the segment of land on which they worked. Previously, agriculture in California had been in the hands of individuals whose efforts were not always good for the land. The program was a means by which to educate large groups of people on better farming techniques. The settlement, in which settlers shared land, supplies, and workflow, was intended to demonstrate desirable land settlement methods in a communal setting and encourage cooperation and social organization. Settlers were chosen by the California State Land Settlement Board (chaired by Dr. Elwood Mead) based on their capital, experience, and attitude towards cooperative effort. Each prospective settler had to appear before the Board for questioning, and was watched carefully even after being accepted into the program. Two basic aims of the program were to improve the living conditions of the settlers and to increase the number of people on the farms.
The Durham settlement was divided into land allotments for purchase, most varying in size from 20 to 80 acres. The settlement was furnished with a somewhat complex irrigation system, which was one of the most expensive elements of the program. Initially, the Durham settlement fared quite well, attracting many potential buyers and selling all of its laborers' allotments. The settlement included a community park and meeting place as well as administrative buildings.
A first, the settlers were enthusiastic about the program. Early attempts at cooperation included group purchasing of dairy cows and a group milk-selling association. However, disputes soon made these ventures unsuccessful, and even community social activities began to disappear. Agriculture was initially fairly successful, the only major production problem being the adobe soil, which was difficult to irrigate. After the first few years, however, satisfactory crops were few and far between. The settlers needed more land than they could afford in order to make a living from the low-income crops they were trying to grow. The Board's need to keep land under contract often harmed the ideals of the settlement, in that settlers who put forth little or no effort into farming were allowed to remain on the land. The Durham settlement was plagued with poor drainage and the loss of profitable alfalfa and prune crops to disease. The need to reinvest initial profits from the first few years of harvests was unattractive to most settlers. In retrospect, the causes of failure of the settlement as a whole were seen to be crop failures, expensive but poor land, higher-than-anticipated expenses in general, and economic conditions at the time which were unfavorable to this type of land development.
(Source: Smith, Roy James. The California State Land Settlements at Durham and Delhi. Berkeley: University of California, 1943.)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of three albums and an accopress binder of photographs documenting the development of the State Land Settlement Project at Durham, California, from 1918-1919. Included are views of houses and floor plans, agricultural buildings and machinery, crops, and livestock. The photographer or photographers are unknown. The three albums include captions printed on photographs or typewritten captions pasted below photographs, and the accopress binder has handwritten captions below each photograph - all captions are reprinted in the container listing.
The collection also contains six boxes of glass negatives which are unarranged and not available for use.

Container Listing

 

Album 1

 

:1 Subdivisional Plan - Durham State Land Settlement

 

:2 Soil Map - Durham State Land Settlement

 

:3 Farm Laborers' Homes on Lott Road - Durham State Land Settlement, Durham, California, U.S.A.

 

:4 The development of Durham's first settler, Carl Neilsen - Allotment No. 10, Durham, California, U.S.A.

 

:5 Home and outbuildings - Frank Baxter Farm - Durham State Land Settlement, Durham, California, U.S.A.

 

:6 First floor plan - perspective sketch - House for Mrs. Bernice Bahmeier, Durham State Land Settlement - California, Allotment No. 26, Designed by State Land Settlement Board, Aug. 2, 1918.

 

:7 Farmstead layout for Mr. F. E. Baxter, Allotment No. 37 - Designed by State Land Settlement Board, 10-2-18

 

:8 Farmstead - John J. Daly, Allotment No. 46, Durham, Calif., Designed by State Land Settlement Board, 10-2-18

 

:9 Farmstead layout for Mr. C. F. Cheaney, Allotment No. 28, Designed by State Land Settlement Board, 10-2-18

 

:10 Farmstead - Proposed layout for Mr. Axel Lonstrom, Allotment No. 8 - Durham - designed by State Land Settlement Board - 11-15-18

 

:11 Farmstead for Mr. Henry B. Ashworth - Durham State Land Settlement - Calif. - Allotment No. 38 - Designed by State Land Settlement Board, July 1918

 

:12 Tentative layout, block No. 12 - State Land Settlement Board, Durham, Butte Co., California - Designed by Land Settlement Board, Dept. of Farmstead Engineering, 6- 13-18

 

:13 Farmstead - Proposed layout for Mr. Axel Lonstrom, Allotment No. 8 - Durham - Designed by State Land Settlement Board, 11-15-18

 

:14 State Land Settlement Board, Durham - Butte County - Calif. - Designed by Land Settlement Board, Dept. Farmstead Engineering, 6-15-18

 

:15 Workman's Cottage - House for Mr. B. E. Williams, Erected on Allotment "D" - Designed by State Land Settlement Board, 9-14-18

 

:16 Farm House - House for Wm. Deveney - Durham State Land Settlement, California, Allotment No. 7, Designed by State Land Settlement Board, 7-12-18

 

:17 Farmstead layout - Suggestive layout for Mr. Sidney N. Graves, Allotment No. 19, Durham - Designed by State Land Settlement Board, 11-14-18

 

:18 Floor plan, by Prof. J. W. Gregg - L.A., Univ. of California

 

:19 Land Settlement Board - floor plan, Workmen's Cottage, Chester Cole, architect

 

:20 Floor plan, by Prof. J. W. Gregg - L.A., Univ. of California

 

:21 Workmen's Cottage, Chester Cole, architect, Chico, Calif.

 

:22 Study for Farmer's Residence, Chester Cole, architect, Chico, Calif.

 

:23 Workmen's Cottage, Chester Cole, architect, Chico, Calif.

 

First floor plan - Second floor plan

 

:26 General view of farms and farm laborers allotments on a portion of the Durham State Land Settlement, Durham, California, U.S.A.

 

:27 "Application for Farm Allotment or Farm Laborer's Allotment"

 

:28 "Statement of assistance requested in effecting improvements and securing stock and implements"

 

:29 "Table No. 1 - Durham State Land Settlement Farm Allotments and Farm Laborers' Allotments

 

:30 Farm Bureau Picnic, May, 1919, #135

 

:31 Allotment 26, #117

 

:32 600 white leghorn baby chicks, #112

 

:33 Registered Durocs, #129

 

:34 No. 128. A registered duroc Jersey (see #36)

 

:35 No. 167. Community sire donated to Durham Stock Breeders Assn. By R. K. Walker, Duroc Jersey breeder of Winsor ranch. August, 1920.

 

:36 A registered Duroc Jersey, #128

 

:37 Holsteins owned by Carl Neilsen, allotment #10, #109

 

:38 Making check banks, #123

 

:39 Preparing land for irrigation, #142

 

:40 Mowing alfalfa, allotment 48, #126

 

:41 Plowing land for Summer Crop. June 1918, #51

 

:42 Lady Washington Beans, #147

 

:43 75 H. P. Tractor operated by the Board for the benefit of the settlers. October 1918.

 

:44 Plowing, #83

 

:45 75 H. P. Tractor operated by the Board plowing land preparatory to grading. September 1918, #82

 

:46 Allotments 67 and 68 before development, October 1918, #57

 

:47 Crop of barley on allotment 6, June 1918, #61

 

:48 Alfalfa--allotment 16, #111

 

:49 Alfalfa cut from field sown in April 1918. Showing second cutting of alfalfa 1st year. Two additional cuttings were taken before end of the season, #55

 

:50 Stubble field Allotment 83, August 1918, #54

 

:51 Loading alfalfa, allotment 9, #127

 

:52 Alfalfa, allotment No. 9, #120

 

:53 Harvesting and threshing Lady Washington beans on allotment No. 5, October, 1918, #69

 

:54 Feeding Dairy Cattle on the Project, #94

 

:55 One of the dairy units, #48

 

:56 Combined drop and bridge--road and irrigation structure. January, 1919, #78

 

:57 Making concrete pipe for use in settlers' ditches, #86

 

:58 Constructing the main irrigation and drainage canal, October, 1918, #80

 

:59 Western Control of Upper Weir, January 1919, #90

 

:60 Combined check and turn out main canal. January, 1919, #87

 

:61 The concrete pipe crossings and outlet boxes for irrigation canals are made on the settlement, #91

 

:62 #92, Breaking ground for Weir across Butte Creek, Nov. 1918

 

:63 Construction work at the Weir, #85

 

:64 Upper diversion weir, Butte Creek. Shows flood waters passing over the structure, January, 1919, #88

 

:65 Diversion Weir at Butte Creek, #77

 

:66 Prepared land for irrigation--Supply ditch and corner of allotment 10 before sowing alfalfa, March, 1918, #59

 

:67 Supply ditch and corner of allotment 10, August, 1918, #58

 

:68 Alfalfa on allotment 10, Carl Nielsen ranch. Irrigation canal foreground. Pumpkins growing on ditch bank as weed eradicator and profitable crop. August, 1920

 

:69 Supply ditch and corner of allotment 10, showing the growing crop, June, 1918, #60

 

:70 King Morco Alcartra Seventh, grandson of Tillie Alcartra, purchased by the Durham Cooperative Stock Breeders' Ass'n, from A. W. Morris and Son, #76

 

:71 Clearing the site for the new weir across Butte Creek--Oct. 1918, #92

 

:72 Elevating grader constructing ditches, October 1918, #81

 

:73 Combined check and turn out main canal, #89

 

:74 Bridge--showing portion of new weir in foreground, #93

 

:75 Automobiles which carried the Australian Soldiers upon their Durham visit, #153

 

:76 Australian soldiers standing in alfalfa field, part of which has been cut the sixth time and the remainder ready to be cut, #161

 

:77 Supt. Geo. C. Kreutzer addressing the Australian soldiers who visited the colony to study California methods of farming, October 1919, #150

 

:78 The Australian Soldiers who are attending Davis Farm School. Upon their visit to The Durham Settlement, #152

 

:79 Australian soldiers examining American grading tools, #156

 

:80 The Australian soldier visitors, #155

 

:81 Dr. Elwood Mead, Supt. Geo. Kreutzer & Colonel Davis. #162

 

:82 Grading land on allotment 85, #160

 

:83 View of drainage ditch adjacent to allotment #81, #159

 

:84 Durham Community Park, #157

 

:85 Part of land allotted in November, 1918, #154

 

:86 Farm laborer's cottage on allotment W. Domingo Galves (Chilean), #158

 

:87 T. F. Megenity allotment X showing milo maize, #151

 

:88 Farm laborer's allotment W to Z, #149

 

Album 2

 

:1 Part of 22 Acres reserved for public purposes. October, 1918, #66

 

:2 Part of 22 acre reserve for community purposes. October, 1918, #65

 

:3 #163, Community Center, Durham

 

:4 Durham State Land Settlement - Community Center - Durham, Butte County, California

 

:5 Part of community reserve on boundary between allotment 22 and reserve. Oct. 1918, #68

 

:6 Part of 22-acre reserve for community purposes, #67

 

:7 Superintendent Geor. C. Kreutzer and Carl Nielsen, #70

 

:8 Farm Home, Allotment 10. Owner C. C. Nielsen, #18

 

:9 Headquarters grounds allotment 43 showing office in the distance, #62

 

:10 Stanford University Headquarters, now part of Durham Land Settlement, #49

 

:11 Office of Durham State Land Settlement Board, May 1918, #42

 

:12 Road Making, #144

 

:13 Digging Trench for Concrete Pipe Line, #122

 

:14 Irrigation and drainage ditch in the course of construction between allotments 77 and 78. This will be the main carrier for the whole project, #84

 

:15 Farm Laborers' Homes, #140

 

:16 Drive fronting farm laborers' allotments, Q-R-S-T-U, #64

 

:17 Farm Laborers' cottages, #46

 

:18 Drive through farm laborers' allotments, #63

 

:19 Farm Laborer's cottages, Allotment H. Owner, D. C. Crandall, Nov. 1918, #38

 

:20 Outbuilding used for temporary residence, Allotment "B", #36

 

:21 Farm Laborer's Cottage, Allotment I, #35

 

:22 #182, New residence on allotment 1. (L. O. Cole), August, 1920

 

:23 [House]

 

:24 [House]

 

:25 [5 men in front of house]

 

:26 #170, Home of D. C. Crandall, Allotment F. August, 1920

 

:27 #175, Dr. Annie Williams, who lives with her brother on Allotment D, August, 1920

 

:28 #187, Residence of Mrs. Paul Peirano on Allotment A. August, 1920

 

:29 Farm Laborer's cottage, Allotment G, Nov. 1918, #40

 

:30 Farm Laborer's cottage, Allotment R, Owner, H. C. Webber, Nov. 1918, #39

 

:31 #183, Residence on allotment G showing timber on uncleared portion of allotment, August, 1920

 

:32 [Field]

 

:33 [Field and houses]

 

:34 [Field]

 

:35 First unit of dwelling, allotment No. 90, #143

 

:36 #179, Residence and barn. Allotment 90--W. O. Rhoades. August, 1920

 

:37 Allotment 35, J. P. Samuelson, #108

 

:38 Residence of J. P. Samuelson, allotment 35, #116

 

:39 #173, Residence on Allotment 35, J. P. Samuelson, August, 1920

 

:40 Farm home on Allotment No. 22, Owner--A. F. Mood--Nov. 1918, #33

 

:41 Residence on Allotment No. 50, November, 1918, #31

 

:42 Home on allotment 50, #110

 

:43 #184, Farmstead buildings on allotment 50. Ward S. Nutt Ranch, August, 1920

 

:44 #165, Home of W. S. Nutt, Allotment 50, August, 1920

 

:45 #188, Durham S. L. Settlement, August, 1920

 

:46 Durham S. L. Settlement, August, 1920

 

:47 H. Lemcke's Home, Allot. 5, #139

 

:48 A. Lemcke's Home, Allot. 3, #107

 

:49 Residence of F. W. Bahmeier, allotment 88, #145

 

:50 Farm laborer's cottage, allotment R, #137

 

:51 Land Settlement Board's Office on the tract, #43

 

:52 Farm Laborer's Cottage, Allotment D, Durham State Land Settlement, Nov. 1918, #16

 

:53 Farmstead buildings, Allotment 32, #22

 

:54 Building the first house, Allotment 10, Owner - C. C. Nielsen, #19

 

:55 Farmer's home, allotment 10, #20

 

:56 Alfalfa and Farmstead Buildings, Allotment 37, #26

 

:57 Farm Home on Allotment 11, Owner, A. I. Maxwell, #41

 

:58 Farm Home on Allotment 12, Durham State Land Settlement, #13

 

:59 Farmstead buildings, Allotment 32, #23

 

:60 Corner of Allotment 9, June 1918, #53

 

:61 Farmstead buildings on Allotment 7, November 1918, #30

 

:62 Farm home on allotment No. 63, Nov. 1918, #32

 

:63 Farm laborer's cottage on Allotment I, Owner--Oliver Bigcraft, Nov. 1918, #37

 

:64 #180, Home and family group. Oliver N. Bigcraft, Allotment J. August, 1920

 

:65 Farm home on allotment No. 14, Nov. 1918, #15

 

:66 Farmer's home allotment 27, Owner - E. C. Wilson, Nov. 1918, #28

 

:67 Farm Home on Allotment No. 10, Nov. 1918, #21

 

:68 Residence for F. E. Baxter, allotment 37, showing alfalfa field in the foreground, #25

 

:69 Cottage on farm laborer's allotment No.K, #138

 

:70 #166 Residence of Campbell Schooling, Allotment K. August, 1920

 

:71 Residence on allotment No. 43 used as Superintendent's headquarters. Oct. 1918, #44

 

:72 #185, Residence Ray W. Seager, Allotment 72. August, 1920

 

:73 [People and cars in front of a home]

 

:74 #177, Garage used as temporary dwelling, farm laborer's allotment--P. S. T. Batchelder. August, 1920

 

:75 #186, Temporary house. Mrs. Adelia Cummings, allotment #2, August, 1920

 

:76 #169, Residence on allotment 18. J. D. Lantz, August, 1920

 

:77 Barn on Allotment 26, #114

 

:78 Barn on Allotment 46, #115

 

:79 #178, Hay barn on John Daly ranch, August, 1920

 

:80 [People and houses in field]

 

:81 #176, Hay barn, John Daly ranch, showing two cuttings of alfalfa taken from 15 acres. Capacity of barn, 60 tons, August, 1920

 

:82 #181, Farmstead development allotment 46, John Daly ranch. August, 1920

 

:83 [Animals and trees in field]

 

:84 #174, Group of University professors visiting Durham State Land Settlement. Taken on Allotment 46. John Daly Ranch. August, 1920

 

:85 #168, Dr. Elwood Mead, Chairman State Land Settlement Board, conferring with visiting university professors on the Durham State Land Settlement. August, 1920

 

:86 Temporary dwelling in barn--allotment #1, #118

 

:87 First Orchard on Settlement, #121

 

:88 #171, Prune trees on free hold land on the Durham State Land Settlement. Four year old French improved trees under Durham S. L. irrigation system. August, 1920

 

:89 #172, Prune trees on free hold land on the Durham State Land Settlement. Four year old French improved trees under Durham State Land Settlement irrigation system, August, 1920

 

:90 Temporary dwelling and one wing of barn, Allotment #80, #125

 

:91 School Children--Durham, #132

 

:92 Dairy Cattle, October 1918, #47

 

:93 Harvesting, #146

 

:94 Hauling alfalfa, #56

 

:95 Power House, Durham Land Settlement, #50

 

:96 Hay Barn and hog pasture, Feb. 1918, #52

 

Album 3

 

:1 #199, Making the park ready for the fair--clearing and building road.

 

:2 #190, Clearing the park--a working bee, August, 1920

 

:3 #200, Working Bee preparing for Community Fair, August, 1920

 

:4 #194, First prize--E. O. Messenger, allotment 6

 

:5 #191, F. Donner booth on left and community stall on the right

 

:6 #192, Another community stall

 

:7 #193, Durham Community Fair, August, 1920

 

:8 #197, Mr. Renner and his bee products. Bees are kept on colony a portion of the year.

 

:9 #195, First prize gilt (under 6 months)--owner Geo. Seager, son of Ray Seager, Allotment 72.

 

:10 #196, exhibit of Holsteins, Community Fair, August 28, 1920

 

:11 #198, First prize cow held by T. C. Christensen, owner

 

:12 #202, Mr. Donner's prize watermelons from Durham Fair, August, 1920

 

:13 #201, Prize watermelons from Durham Fair, August, 1920

 

:14 #203, Group of faculty men enjoying the prize watermelons

 

:15 #204 Donner melon patch. Durham State Land Settlement

 

:16 #245, Grammar School Durham Calif

 

:17 Durham School Building

 

:18 Group of settlers rebuilding Mr. Merrifield's barn

 

:19 #214, Pure bred Duroc Jersey gilts

 

:20 #205, Group of settlers assisting owner in rebuilding his barn

 

:21 #212, Group of the settlers' wives

 

:22 #207, rebuilding Merrifield barn destroyed by fire

 

#213, Samuelson's barn under reconstruction

 

:25 #210, Settlers' wives serving dinner to the volunteer carpenters

 

:26 #208, Rebuilding Merrifield barn destroyed by fire

 

:27 #209, Settlers' wives serving dinner to the volunteer carpenters

 

:28 #211, Settlers' wives preparing dinner for the workers

 

:29 #215, Chopping alfalfa for dairy cattle feed. F. E. Baxter Ranch

 

:30 #206, Another view of settlers assisting owner in rebuilding his barn

 

:31 #216, Filling silo with Indian Corn, Tom Christensen Ranch

 

:32 #217, New development on Allot. #92, which was formerly part of Allot. #71 TF Megenity

 

:33 #218, Farm laborer's cottage and garden, Allotment W

 

:34 #231, Palo Oaks Farm--E. O. Messenger

 

:35 #232, Durham farm

 

:36 #233, Young prune orchard

 

:37 [Men in field - no negative]

 

:38 #234, Supt. Kreutzer alongside crop of corn. Durham State Land Settlement

 

:39 #219, Farmstead development--Allot. 7, Wm. Deveney

 

:40 #220, Farm home on Allot. #35--J. P. Samuelson

 

:41 #225, Farm home on Allotment #70--L. B. Nevin

 

:42 #222, Cottage & Garden farm laborer's allot. K. Mrs. Campbell Schooling

 

:43 #221, New house and barn Allot. #90. W. O. Rhoades

 

:44 #235, Interior view of home

 

:45 #224, Farm home on Allot. #10--Carl Nielsen

 

:46 #223, Farmstead development Allot. #38. H. B. Ashworth

 

:47 #226, Peach tree on Farm laborer's allot. P taken August, 1921 during their 3rd years' growing season

 

:48 #227, Excel water melons on Donner's Seed Farm. Left to Right - F. Donner, G. Kreutzer & Arthur Ruhl

 

:49 #228, Pure bred Holstein cow--T. Christensen Ranch

 

:50 #229, High grade Holstein herd. F. E. Baxter Ranch. The production of these cows during the summer of 1921 averaged 80 gallons per day for 20 head.

 

:51 #230, Cutting corn for silage

 

:52 #242? Prune orchard planted Feb. 19--Aug. 22

 

:53 Meeting of the Durham Woman's Club. No negative - picture taken by A. H. Barnhill

 

:54 #237, Prune orchard interplanted with beans 22

 

:55 #240, 2 yr. old Thompson seedless vines, farm laborer's allotment planted 1920--'22

 

:56 #242, Prune orchard E. O. Messinger, Aug. 22

 

:57 #239, Carignan grapes on allot. 69

 

:58 #242?, Prune orchard E. O. Messinger, Durham SLS Calif. Trees planted Feb 1919, photographed Aug. 1922

 

:59 #241, Peach trees allotment P. J. Neilson planted Feb. 1919, photographed Aug. 22

 

:60 #243, Apricot trees planted Feb. 1919, E. O. Messinger orchard

 

:61 #236, House on allot. P. Aug. 22

 

:62 #238, Carignan grapes on allot. 69 from cuttings set out Apr. 1921. Aug. 22

 

:63 #244, Subdivisional plan of Durham showing lands for sale Sept. 1, 1922

 

Album 4

 

:1 #12, Design of home for A. I. Maxwell, Allotment 11

 

:2 #141, Farm home on allotment No. 12, Nov. 1918

 

:3 #17, Farm laborer's cottage on allotment D. Owner E. B. Williams, Nov. 1918

 

:4 #24, Farmstead buildings on allotment 32

 

:5 #27, Alfalfa and farmstead buildings, allotment 37

 

:6 #29, Residence for A, Lemcke, allotment 5. Lady Washington beans in foreground

 

:7 #34, Colonial house for A. Lemcke, allotment 4

 

:8 #45, Residence on allotment 43, used as Superintendent's quarters. June 1918

 

:9 #118, Pigs

 

:10 #119, Allotment 26

 

:11 #124, Home on allotment 48

 

:12 #130, Allotment 26

 

:13 #131, Jane Garden Perfecto Walker, the bull donated by Fred Kiesel of Sacramento

 

:14 #133, 2500 people in the park, May 17, 1919

 

:15 #134, Governor Stephens addressing the citizens at Community Park

 

:16 #136, The Community Pavilion

 

:17 #141, Trenching for irrigation pipeline

 

:18 #148, Workman's cottage designed by Chester Cole

 

:19 #189, Dr. Annie Williams

 

:20 #77, Diversion wier at Butte Creek, May 1918